Every child brings with them deep curiosity and potential and this innate curiosity drives their interest to understand their world and their place within it. Background The Reggio Emilia Approach originated in the town and surrounding areas of Reggio Emilia in Italy out of a movement towards progressive and cooperative early childhood education. It is unique to Reggio Emilia.
What is the Project Approach? The Project Approach offers teachers a way to develop in-depth thinking while engaging the hearts and minds of young children. Teachers take a strong guidance role in the process while children study topics with purpose and flexibility.
In early childhood, projects can be defined as open ended studies of everyday topics which are worthy of being included in an educational program.
Projects emerge from the questions children raise and develop according to their particular interests. Rather than offering immediate answers to the questions children ask, teachers provide experiences through which children can discover the answers themselves through inquiry at field sites and interviewing experts.
Children also consult secondary sources of information such as books and the internet in the classroom and with their parents at home. Project investigations promote in-depth understanding and cover a wide range of relevant subtopics.
For this reason projects usually take several weeks to complete—and sometimes much longer, depending on the age and interests of the children. The Project Approach, then, is the method of teaching children through project investigations.
Because project work follows an unpredictable path based on the interests of particular children, a flexible framework to support teachers has been developed. This framework makes the inquiry more manageable: Teachers guide children through a three phase process from the beginning of a project to its conclusion.
You may find the Project Planning Journal helpful in understanding and implementing project work. In the beginning of a project, the teacher builds interest in the topic through encouraging the children to share relevant personal stories of experience.
As the inquiry begins in earnest, teachers enable the children go on field visits, interview adults who are experts, such as waiters, farmers, or nurses, for example, according to the topic of study. Children also look at books, internet sites, videos, and so on.
As they learn more about the topic they use many forms of representation to illustrate what they have learned and to share new knowledge with their classmates.
Finally, the teacher guides the conclusion of the study and helps the children review their achievements. The children share their work with parents, another class, or members of the local community who have helped them in the process of the investigation. This final phase of the work includes the assessment by teachers of what the children have learned through the project.
All children will have learned basic facts about the topic. Some children will have learned more about certain aspects of the topic such as the role of the adults, or the steps or materials used in the manufacture of an important item.
There will be times when one child may have achieved individual learning goals such as developing confidence in a particular personal strength or learning to collaborate effectively with other classmates.
What are the advantages of the Project Approach? Children apply skills and knowledge in their study of buses, shoes, trees, or grocery stores.
They learn about the value of reading, writing, and numbers in the life of the adults around them. In the context of the project the children become apprentices in the pursuit of knowledge alongside their teachers. Teachers take a responsive role in developing the project. They coordinate different interests and support small group and individual inquiries as these emerge.
Teachers who use the project approach report that students show great interest and actively participate. They ask questions and follow up their own curiosity with investigations.
Along with the motivation it provides, project work also integrates all areas of learning and aspects of child development.
It offers many chances to practice problem solving and critical thinking—skills that build language, math and scientific understanding. In fact, it helps children gain confidence in themselves and their abilities and develops in them the disposition to strive for understanding.
How does the Project Approach align with curriculum requirements and standards? This type of learning differs considerably from the preplanned lessons of a published curriculum. While project work supports the curriculum standards identified for testing, teachers do not teach to the test through project work.
The emphasis is on the context in which learning is intrinsically motivated and engaging to young children. Through careful observation and skillful planning on the part of the teacher, curriculum goals can be integrated into project work.
The teacher anticipates where a project may go, and includes elements of the required curriculum in her plans. For example, the curriculum goal of data collection and analysis can be incorporated into a project on cars, if children decide to count and record the kinds of cars they see.
The teacher records her plan and project documentation provides evidence of learning. In addition to the aspects of the curriculum which relate directly to the acquisition of skills and knowledge, project work offers interesting opportunities for children to apply and practice what they have learned in other parts of their daily program in school.Outcomes based education is a process that involves the restructuring of curriculum, assessment and reporting practices in education to reflect the achievement of high order learning and mastery rather than the accumulation of course credits (Tucker, ).
day expense tracking essay In a one- to two-page reflective essay, typed and double-spaced, answer the following questions. Make sure you proof the essay for grammar and word usage mistakes. range of literacy and numeracy interventions in the early years of schooling, that is Kindergarten to Year 3.
The term ‘literacy and numeracy interventions’ broadly referred to programs, strategies or initiatives currently implemented (or which could be term improvement in students’ literacy and numeracy learning. Nov 21, · Project-Based Learning (PBL), by design, lends itself to differentiated instruction.
It uses a student-centric approach-- an extended learning process that incorporates inquiry and challenge to stimulate the growth and mastery of skills (Prescott, ).
The EIP may include temporary summer employment based on the needs of, and selection by, STPNOC. After the temporary summer employment, STPNOC may designate participants who.
Ielts Essay. Study English and Music in Ireland, Summer unit two lesson plan. well as projectbased learning, our test scores have increased dramatically,” she reports.
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