Chronic and severe acid reflux and heartburn, or gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD During an Upper Endoscopy Prior to the EGD exam your throat is sprayed with a local anesthetic to reduce discomfort, and a general anesthetic might be introduced to help you relax.
In order to reach a diagnosis for digestive disorders, a thorough Procedures about gastrointestinal diagnostic accurate medical history will be taken by your healthcare provider, noting the symptoms you have experienced and any other pertinent information.
A physical exam is also done to help assess the problem more completely. Some patients need to undergo a more extensive diagnostic evaluation.
These tests may include any, or a combination of, the following: Lab tests Fecal occult blood test. A fecal occult blood test checks for hidden occult blood in the stool. It involves placing a very small amount of stool on a special card.
The stool is then tested in the healthcare provider's office or sent to a lab.
A stool culture checks for the presence of abnormal bacteria in the digestive tract that may cause diarrhea and other problems. A small sample of stool is collected and sent to a lab by your healthcare provider's office.
In 2 or 3 days, the test will show whether abnormal bacteria are present. Imaging tests Barium beefsteak meal. During this test, the patient eats a meal containing barium a metallic, chalky liquid used to coat the inside of organs so that they will show up on an X-ray.
This allows the radiologist to watch the stomach as it digests the meal. The amount of time it takes for the barium meal to be digested and leave the stomach gives the healthcare provider an idea of how well the stomach is working and helps to find emptying problems that may not show up on the liquid barium X-ray.
This test shows how well food moves through the colon. The patient swallows capsules containing small markers which are visible on X-ray. The patient follows a high-fiber diet during the course of the test.
The movement of the markers through the colon is monitored with abdominal X-rays taken several times 3 to 7 days after the capsule is swallowed.
This is an imaging test that uses X-rays and a computer to make detailed images of the body.
A CT scan shows details of the bones, muscles, fat, and organs. CT scans are more detailed than general X-rays. Defecography is an X-ray of the anorectal area that evaluates completeness of stool elimination, identifies anorectal abnormalities, and evaluates rectal muscle contractions and relaxation.
During the exam, the patient's rectum is filled with a soft paste that is the same consistency as stool.
The patient then sits on a toilet positioned inside an X-ray machine, and squeezes and relaxes the anus to expel the solution. The radiologist studies the X-rays to determine if anorectal problems happened while the patient was emptying the paste from the rectum.
Lower GI gastrointestinal series also called barium enema. A lower GI series is a test that examines the rectum, the large intestine, and the lower part of the small intestine.
Barium is given into the rectum as an enema. An X-ray of the abdomen shows strictures narrowed areasobstructions blockagesand other problems. Magnetic resonance imaging MRI. MRI is a diagnostic test that uses a combination of large magnets, radiofrequencies, and a computer to produce detailed images of organs and structures within the body.
The patient lies on a bed that moves into the cylindrical MRI machine. The machine takes a series of pictures of the inside of the body using a magnetic field and radio waves. The computer enhances the pictures produced.
The test is painless, and does not involve exposure to radiation. Because the MRI machine is like a tunnel, some people are claustrophobic or unable to hold still during the test.
They may be given a sedative to help them relax. Metal objects cannot be present in the MRI room, so people with pacemakers or metal clips or rods inside the body cannot have this test done. All jewelry must be removed before the test. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography MRCP.
This test uses magnetic resonance imaging MRI to view the bile ducts.This procedure uses a tiny camera on the end of a long tube, which is passed through your mouth to enable your doctor to examine your upper gastrointestinal tract.
Colonoscopy. This procedure uses a tiny camera on the end of a long tube, which is passed through your rectum to enable your doctor to examine your large intestine and . Upper GI endoscopy is a procedure in which a doctor uses an endoscope—a flexible tube with a camera—to see the lining of your upper GI tract.
A gastroenterologist, surgeon, or other trained health care professional performs the procedure, most often while you receive light sedation to help you relax. Medical Procedures Unit Provides Multidisciplinary Diagnostic Services. The Gastroenterology Division at the University of Michigan provides specialized diagnostic and therapeutic procedures and services to diagnose and treat patients with a wide variety of gastrointestinal disorders.
NCLEX Review: Gastrointestinal Diagnostic Procedures. There are numerous tests that may be used to evaluate the GI system.
In this NCLEX review video, we will take a look at lab tests, imaging tests, and endoscopic procedures. Upper GI endoscopy is a procedure in which a doctor uses an endoscope—a flexible tube with a camera—to see the lining of your upper GI tract.
A gastroenterologist, surgeon, or other trained health care professional performs the procedure, most often while you receive light sedation to help you relax. Diagnostic Tests & Procedures. This means we can provide the most complete gastrointestinal services to our patients.
Many physicians throughout the region use our expert test and diagnostic services. They recognize the many years of experience our team has supporting physicians and their patients.
This includes diagnosing even .